How To Start Poultry Farming In India?

Author :
Traffic Tail
| Updated On :
March 28, 2023

If you are looking for how to start poultry farming in India? then you are at the right place, in this article each and every detail related to starting a poultry farm will be described so read till the end. Poultry farming is considered to be a good investment with good returns if done properly.

You can easily earn well from poultry farming with the help of us as we help many businesses to grow vigorously with expected growth results update and in less time. We provide services like marketing, branding, logo, and web development. These things will help your business to grow easily and effectively.

Now even the government is appreciating the poultry farm because they are looking for increasing the production of eggs for the children’s health and for the betterment of poultry farmer’s conditions as well. The government is investing in some poultry farms for helping out the people that are under Below Poverty Line. As various Banks and financial institutions provide loan facilities for initiating this business, you just have to prepare a business model for applying for it. There are millions of farmers who are indulged in poultry farming and now made some advanced farms because of a good sense of business. You can also do it the same way which we will describe in the article such as tips, guidance, and the basic idea from where and how to start a poultry farm in India

Here Are Some Benefits Of Poultry Farm Business.

  • Less capital required.
  • An increase in population that consumes high protein food such as eggs and meat will lead to grow business rapidly.
  • Less usage of natural resources.
  • Higher return on investment.
  • Marketing and branding are easy.
  • Helps in generating employment opportunities.

So these were some of the benefits of having a poultry farm business in India. It is a good option to opt for starting a business with less funding required, and for expanding the business you can easily do marketing of your business which may provide your business more revenue.

Step By Step Guide for Establishing Poultry Farm In India.

1. Choose Your Poultry Sector

Before starting poultry farm in India you should know your poultry sector such as if you want to sell eggs or meat which classifies them as broilers and layers. Broilers are for chicken which will be sold for meat purpose and layers are developed for raising eggs. There are other types of sectors also you can choose from such as:-

  • Production of Eggs
  • Production of Meat
  • Sale of Feathers
  • Chicken Breeding
  • Poultry Feed Production

So from here you can choose the type of sector you want to start with and then jump on our second step that is.

2. Setup A Business Plan

How To Start Poultry Farming In India ?

For making a business successful you must have a business model in your mind and on paper as well. While making a business plan you must note down some important topics such as what breed you want to work with? what is going in the market outside? what kind of equipment will be needed? How to market your business online and offline? How much capital do you need to invest in? So these are some basic and important questions you need to take a look at. All these questions will be answered here with a simplified approach.

3. Understanding Market Insights

For starting any business this is the key step that everyone should follow because it decreases the amount of risk and increases your knowledge and experience. You should go to the market and check the market prices, supplier rates, know from where your customers are buying and why, How to get the customers through promotions and online. You have to give time prior to getting into this business and it is important to have an online presence that will lead you to grab the other than your local areas.

4. Area Required For Poultry Farm

Area for the poultry farm depend upon various factors and conditions, that will be best suitable for birds and animals to stay and breed. The area can be classified according to the types of farm discussed below:-

  • Free Range Poultry Farm
  • Semi Range Poultry Farm
  • Battery Cage Poultry Farm
  • Totally Wild Poultry Farm

Free Range Poultry Farm
This type of farming states that animals are free to roam any where, here the range for roaming of animals is quite large and can roam easily within the area fenced that helps them get proper resources needed by them such as sunlight, water, fresh air which also helps in health benefits of the animals. Now the main thing the area required for this type of farming should be from 12000 sq. feet to 36000 sq. feet area .

Semi Range Poultry Farm
This type of farming consists of both in-house and roaming out as well, which means birds are provided a particular space called penn or paddock in which they can move. The area required for semi range poultry farm should be approx 8000 sq. feet.

Battery Cage Poultry Farm
Battery cages are the housing methods generally used for hens fetching eggs. In this type of farm birds cannot move freely as compared to the farms above because types of cages are made inside the farm which also requires its infrastructure space then in those cages birds live and lay eggs. The area required for this kind of farm is 4000 sq. feet and 2000 sq. feet more for its infrastructure.

Totally Wild Poultry Farm
In this type of farm the birds get an natural environment with lots of space to move freely which is covered with tress, bushes, water like fully wild environment. For this type of poultry farm you’ll need around 44000 sq. feet area and 20 sq. feet area for free range space.

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4. Types Of Birds To Use

How To Start Poultry Farming In India ?

There are various kinds of birds which are involved in poultry farm business such as- chickens, peacocks, ducks, geese, pigeons, etc. for meat and layers as well. But, in India mostly used birds in poultry are chickens as there are variety of chickens in India. Chickens are also classified in 3 types that are listed below:-

  • Rooster Chickens
    Roosters are big males generally know as cock or rooster. Roosters are very concerned about their territories and help hens in caring for their eggs because of their traits.
  • Broiler Chickens
    Broilers are mostly raised for meat production and they grow rapidly and have a good amount of meat in them. Broilers are easy to raise and due to their high growth, they get sold easily.
  • Layer Chickens
    Layers are a different breed of hens that lays eggs at a very early age, so they are best suitable for poultry farm that deals in production of eggs because layers provide a high quantity of eggs in just one year a these breed can lay up to 250 eggs.

5. Right Location For Poultry Farm

How To Start Poultry Farming In India ?

The location for this type of business is best suited little far from city because of cheap labors, more natural resources, and all the necessary items. Farm should be near for your customers or the sellers you want to sell your products to, because if you setup farm too far then it will lead to increase your transportation cost, and other basic needs.

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6. Required Machinery

How To Start Poultry Farming In India ?

You will need some of the important machinery for your poultry farm business because there are various processes which can be done through machines easily and effectively. The machines are listed below:-

  • Poultry cage
  • Poultry feeder
  • Poultry shed
  • Egg Candler
  • Charcoal stove
  • Setter ( a machine used to provide favorable condition for hens to fetch eggs)
  • Reflectors or infra red bulbs
  • Water Heaters
  • Circular feeder
  • Needles and vaccination dropper
  • Water filters
  • Linear feeders
  • Hatchery equipment
  • Nest Boxes
  • Rake

These are some of the major required equipment that will help you reducing your efforts manually.

7. Logo Of Your Business

Famous logos

Logo is for brand recognition and reflects professionalism in the business world. Logo is important for your business and it should reflect your business type whether as an image or by words. With the help of logo people can easily identify your brand and its products that may lead to profit if done and marketed properly. Logo you can print on your business card, website, printed on t-shirts for the employees and many more. So having a good and attractive logo is crucial.

8. Marketing Your Business

How To Start Poultry Farming In India ?

The competition is increasing daily on every type of business and so is on poultry farming, so for getting ahead from your competitors you just need to market your business properly with the help of a company and with the help of a website, yes you heard me right these are the things on which only few people thinks, because having a website will provide you clients locally in other cities and towns and you can also reach globally just with the help of a good marketing and company and a website that will help you capture the audience present online. So going online is easy but to manage it in long run is challenging so just take a step, stand out of the box and capture the market as soon as possible.

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9. Capital Required

How To Start Poultry Farming In India ?

As every business needs capital to get started whether less or more, so here we will discuss the amount of capital required in poultry farm business. The amount written here can vary because it depends upon the condition of market where you live and place from where you purchase.

  • Small-scale poultry farms can be set up from Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 1.5 Lakh.
  • A medium-scale poultry farm can be set up from Rs. 1.5 Lakh to Rs. 3 Lakh.
  • Large-scale poultry farms can be set up from Rs. 7 Lakh to Rs. 10 Lakh.

Here are the details of the amount you will need to setup your poultry farm business and there are various banks and financial institutions that can provide you loan facilities which will make your process bit easier.

10. Licenses and Permissions Required For Poultry Farm

There is need of various licenses and permissions required for poultry farm business in India that are discussed below as per the guidelines.

  • Registration of business as a sole proprietor or a partnership firm, with the registrar of company.
  • License for trade.
  • GST and TIN number.
  • Insurance certificate.
  • Pollution certificate.
  • If having employees then EPF registration and ESI registration are mandatory.
  • SSI/MSME registration, which will be beneficial and make your business eligible for government schemes.
  • Trade Mark for your brand protection,
  • IEC code required if you want to export your product to other countries.
  • (FSSAI) Food Safety and Standard Authority of India license.
  • Animal care standards

These are some basic steps from which you can get idea for the requirements for opening your own poultry farm business.

Prevention And Management Of Disease

Disease management is very crucial for poultry businesses because during disease period farmers face a huge loss in the business. To prevent the disease is keep the environment and food that is given to the animals should be clean, proper vaccination should be done timely, keep away the birds from polluted environment and provide them nutritious food. These things will have a huge impact on the health of birds and less chances of disease to be found.

Profit In The Business

Profit in the business totally depends upon the how good you capture the market and present yourself as a brand offline and online as well. You may recover your capital within 1 year for small business type and for medium and large business it may take 2-3 years it can be recovered early but only if you can do marketing for your business for that you can hire Traffictail for better marketing results and will help you to achieve your goals.

In today’s time, 75% of the population consumes eggs, and machines that are used in the poultry farm business have reduced human efforts up to 60% so it is an option to start with. For maximum and real planning for poultry farm business is just visit once in poultry farm to know more insights for poultry farm business.


What is Poultry Farming?

Poultry farming is a process where different types of birds are raised for commercial purposes for meat, eggs, feather etc.

Is Poultry Farming a profitable business?

Yes, Poultry farming is a profitable business if done accordingly. It can provide you the good rate of investment and can recover your capital at an early stage.

How much capital is required for poultry farm business?

Capital depends upon the size of the business you want such as-
Small Farm- Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 1,50,000
Medium Farm- Rs. 1,50,000 to Rs. 300,000
Large Farm- Rs. 5,00,000 to Rs. 10,00,000

Types of birds to use in the poultry farm business?

Types of birds depends upon the availability of birds in your country and there demand. In India it is advisable to choose the following birds:-
– Broilers and Roosters for meat
– Layers for eggs
– Ducks
– Geese

Is a loan available for this business?

Yes, you can get loan from bank and many financial institutions are available for granting loan.

How much manpower is required?

Manpower depends upon your requirement and farm size, if you have a small farm you may not require or if require 1 to 2 and for medium and large farm you may require 5-15 people if required.

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